Australia’s Great Barrier Reef is known for its corals; the bad news is that the warms seas around the reef have destroyed more than 700 km stretch of coral during the last nine months. It is recorded by the World Heritage site, as the worst ever destruction by the scientists. It is considered as a major setback for the tourism in the region. The Deloitte Access Economics report that the reef attracts around A$5.2 billion every year. According to professor Andrew Baird from James Cook University informed the Reuters that the die-off is certain with the size of the Barrier Reef extending to 348,000 sq km and has the reputation of being the biggest coral reef globally.
The corals calcify as the bleaching happens especially when the water turns warm. The corals leave the living algae and turn white. The mildly bleached corals can be recovered when the temperature drops but the survey revealed that in the southern parts of the reef the coral mortality is very low. Scientists relate the bleaching the rising temperatures of the sea. It is the result of global warming and the damages are intensified leaving the deep water environment beyond recovery.
The Great Barrier Reef was just short of being placed in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites “in danger” list, but the Australian government in May last year sought an update in the safeguarding of the reef. The Environment Minister Josh Frydenberg will file an update During the election campaign in June, Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull assured to spend A$1 billion on safeguarding the reef. Australia is the largest carbon emitters in the world due to its dependence on the fossil fuel for electricity. This is a major cause for the warm waters in the reef. Environmentalist Charlie Wood says that the climate change is responsible for the death of Great Barrier Reef. For the future generation to enjoy the reef it is important to switch from fossil fuels informs Wood.